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基于本土生物多样性恢复的近自然城市 生命地标构建理念及其在上海的实践
达良俊
0
作者简介:
摘要:
:针对城市发展过程中生物多样性丧失及其引发的都 市病,以更好地促进城市本土生物多样性的恢复,依据生态建 设应具有生命观、动态观、系统观的都市生态哲学观,提出了 城市近自然生命地标的构建理念,即营造以乡土植物及土著动 物为主体的近自然型“地标性”生物群落,使其成为能够表征 城市区域特征的生命新地标。并以此理念为指导,在上海浦东 新区高东镇开展了近自然城市生命地标构建实践,建立了面积 为1hm2 的核心示范地。示范地建成1年后,其乡土植物比例 高达95%,鸟类、昆虫的物种多样性相较于周边地区分别增 加了约30%和50%。
关键词:  风景园林  城市生物多样性  近自然林  生态恢复  绿化
DOI:
基金项目:
Urban Near-to-nature Biocoenose Landmark Construction for the Restoration of Native Biodiversity: Concepts and Practices in Shanghai
DA Liangjun
Abstract:
: Urbanization caused loss of biodiversity and "urban disease". To facilitate the restoration of native biodiversity in cities, this paper proposes the concept of constructing urban nearnatural biocoenose landmarks based on the philosophy of urban ecology that ecological construction should have a life view, a dynamic view and a system view. This concept comes true by creation of near-natural landmarks of bio-communities mainly composed of indigenous plants and animals, which will become new living landmarks that will characterize the urban area. This concept was applied to the construction of an ecological benefit forest at Gaodong Town of Pudong District in Shanghai and 1hm2 demonstration region was established. Within one year after restoration, the proportion of native plants reached 95% and the species diversity of birds and insects increased by approximately 30% and 50% compared to the surrounding regions.
Key words:  landscape architecture  urban biodiversity  near-tonature forest  ecological restoration  greening

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