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基于参数化设计方法的城市公园植物 景观布局设计——以天津市水西庄公园 为例
祝薇雅,李鹏波*
0
()
摘要:
植物是风景园林的四要素之一,是改善自然环 境、提升游览体验的重要因子。量化植物景观布局、科学 地规划公园植物景观是风景园林规划设计的难点,也是数 字景观应用于公园景观设计的重要方向。在剖析植物景观 布局关键影响因子及其作用机制的基础上,结合Ecotect和 Grasshopper软件,从环境要素、景观要素和人群需求3个 方面提炼参数与规则,构建了基于设计逻辑的点、线、面植 物景观布局参数化模型。并以天津水西庄公园为例,对公园 植物景观进行了参数化布局模式图的生成,探讨了耦合设计 场地及人群需求等多因素的精细化布局方法,以期为城市公 园植物景观空间规划提供参考。
关键词:  风景园林  参数化设计  城市公园  植物景观布 局  参数化模型
DOI:
基金项目:
Plant Landscape Layout Design of Urban Park Based on the Parametric Design Method—A Case Study of Shuixizhuang Park in Tianjin
ZHU Weiya,LI Pengbo
()
Abstract:
Plant is one of the four elements of landscape architecture, which is an important factor to improve the natural environment and enhance the tourist experience. Quantification of plant landscape layout, scientific planning of park plant landscape is a difficult point in landscape planning and design, but also an important direction of digital landscape application in park landscape design. On the basis of analyzing the key influencing factors and their mechanism of plant landscape layout, this paper combined Ecotect and Grasshopper software to extract parameters and rules from three aspects of environmental factors, landscape factors and crowd needs, and built a parametric model of point, line and surface plant landscape layout based on design logic. Taking Tianjin Shuixizhuang Park as an example, a parametric layout model map of plant landscape in the park was generated, and the refined layout method of coupling design site and crowd demand was discussed, in order to provide reference for the spatial planning of plant landscape in urban parks.
Key words:  : landscape architecture  parametric design  city park  plant landscape layout  parameterized model

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