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城市八景中的生态智慧考析——以江汉 平原为例
万敏,刘梦馨,黄婧,刘法堂
0
()
摘要:
回顾了生态智慧的研究发展,指出本次有关城市 八景生态智慧的研究具有开拓性价值。界定了江汉平原的范 围,整理出该平原32个府州县清代方志八景的272景目清 单。以清代方志八景记载为依据,阐述了城市八景是集体智 慧的结晶,经过长期的公共智慧淘选,并富含国家治理智慧 等丰富内涵。围绕城市八景格局的时空周正、法无定法、彰 显风土三方面,论述了其生态服务功能均好、高度的公共性 为全民接纳并推广普及,“内聚外控”格局体现了生态适 应,并成为地方风土象征等生态智慧内涵。提出城市八景是 从理论到实践全方位对世界生态文明建设发展的中国贡献, 是我国传统人居环境建设中生态大智慧的思想观点
关键词:  风景园林  城市八景  方志八景  生态智慧
DOI:
基金项目:
The Research and Analysis of Ecological Wisdom in Urban Eight Scenes—Taking Jianghan Plain as an Example
WAN Min,LIU Mengxin,HUANG Jing,LIU Fatang
()
Abstract:
The paper reviews the research development of ecological wisdom, and points out the pioneering value of this research on the ecological wisdom of urban eight scenes. The scope of the Jianghan Plain is defined, and a list of 272 scenic spots in 32 prefectures, states, or counties in the Qing Dynasty local records on this plain is compiled. Based on the Qing Dynasty local records of eight scenes, it expounds that the urban eight scenes are the crystallization of collective wisdom. After a long-term selection of public wisdom, they are rich in profound connotations such as national governance wisdom. Around the pattern of urban eight scenes, it focuses on these three aspects: the regularity of time and space, the indeterminacy of laws, and the display of terroir. It discusses many ecological wisdom connotations, included that its ecological service function is averagely good, its high degree of publicity is accepted and popularized by the whole people, its pattern of "internal aggregation and external control" reflects ecological adaptation, and has become a symbol of local customs. It is proposed that the urban eight scenes are China's contributions to the construction and development of the world's ecological civilization in an all-round way from theory to practice, and are the ideological viewpoints of ecological wisdom in the construction of traditional human settlements in China.
Key words:  landscape architecture  urban eight scenes  eight scenes in local records  ecological wisdom

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