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水文化视角下嘉兴八景的地域性营建 特征
张怡倩,吴会,金荷仙*
0
()
摘要:
从水文化视角出发,筛选出嘉兴历代地方志及代 表性诗画中的62组完整八景序列,采用“三位一体”的方 法,以“自然-社会-文化”系统解读得出:嘉兴八景聚合了 “物态-行为-精神”3个层次的地域性水文化,以水适应性 景观展现出水乡人居环境营建中的生态智慧,融合共生形成 了“人境合一”的内生机制;其地域性营建特征为“以物为 基,因水而生”“以行互联,因水而兴”“以文传情,因水 而美”,推动了水域景观风景化和生态化的发展。提出江南 水乡的完整保护可从内生机制出发,兼顾水生态、水实践和 水人文的良性循环,以此营建具有典型地域性和生态性特征 的可持续水乡景观
关键词:  风景园林  嘉兴八景  水文化  地域性营建  生态 智慧
DOI:
基金项目:
Regional Construction Characteristics of Eight Scenes in Jiaxing from the Perspective of Water Culture
ZHANG Yiqian,WU Hui,JIN Hexian
()
Abstract:
From the perspective of water culture, 62 groups of complete Eight Scenes sequences in the local chronicles and representative poems and paintings of Jiaxing in previous dynasties are selected. Using the "three in one" method and the systematic interpretation of "nature-society-culture", it can be concluded that the Jiaxing Eight Scenes aggregate the regional water culture landscape of three levels of "matter-behavior-spirit", show the water ecological wisdom in the construction of water rural residential environment with water adaptive landscape, and integrate symbiosis to form an endogenous mechanism of "unity of human environment". Its regional construction features are "based on water, born because of water", "interconnected by water, prospered because of water", and "expressing feelings and beauty because of water", which promotes the landscaping and ecology of water landscape. It is proposed that the complete protection of water towns in the south of the Yangtze River can start from the endogenous mechanism and take into account the virtuous cycle of water ecology, water practice and water culture, so as to build a typical regional and ecological sustainable new water town landscape
Key words:  landscape architecture  Jiaxing Eight Scenes  water culture  regional construction  ecological wisdom

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