引用本文:[点击复制]
[点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 130次   下载 0 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
长春市绿地空间配置特征与降温效率的 动态响应
王蕾,贾佳,路遥,荆忠伟,姚允龙*
0
()
摘要:
为应对快速城镇化过程中愈发严重的热岛效应,如 何针对面积有限的绿地进行空间配置特征优化,使其降温效率 最大化,亟待深入探究。以高分2号遥感影像为数据源提取长 春市城市绿色空间分布格局,引入景观参数研究其分布情况; 利用劈窗算法获取地表温度,研究城市绿地的降温效率及其 影响因素,结果表明:1)0.5≤S<1hm2 的绿地,增加植被 覆盖率能够显著提升其降温效率;1≤S<5hm2 的绿地,增加 绿地面积或植被覆盖率能够提升其降温效率;5≤S<10hm2 的绿地,紧凑、点状的绿地的降温效率优于线状绿地; S≥10hm2 的绿地,其降温效果不再随面积增大而提升。2)城 市绿地面积越大,降温范围越大,但是二者的相关性不明显, 通常绿地的降温范围为150~400m。研究结果可以指导城市 绿地布局、形状、大小等配置特征的优化,使其降温效率最大 化,以达到降低温度、减缓城市热岛效应的目的。
关键词:  风景园林  热岛效应  城市绿地  降温效率  劈窗 算法
DOI:
基金项目:
Dynamic Response of Green Space Configuration and Cooling Efficiency in Changchun City
WANG Lei,JIA Jia,LU Yao,JING Zhongwei,YAO Yunlong
()
Abstract:
How to optimize the spatial configuration characteristics of urban green space to maximize its cooling efficiency needs to be further explored. In this study, GF-2 remote sensing image was used as the data source to extract urban green space in Changchun and landscape parameters were introduced to study its distribution. Based on the surface temperature obtained by the split-window algorithm, the cooling efficiency of urban green space and its influencing factors were studied. The results show that 1) For 0.5≤S<1 hectares of green space, increasing vegetation coverage can significantly enhance its cooling efficiency. For 1≤S<5 hectares of green space, increasing green land area or increasing vegetation coverage is more effective. For 5≤S<10 hectares of green space, the cooling efficiency of compact and point-like green space is better than that of linear green space. For S≥10 hectares of green space, the increase of green space cooling efficiency is not obvious. 2) The larger the area of urban green space is, the larger the cooling range is, but the correlation between the two is not obvious. Usually, the cooling range of green space is 150-400m. The research results can guide the adjustment of the layout, shape, size, and other configuration characteristics of urban green space. To reduce the temperature and slow down the urban heat island effect, the cooling efficiency can be maximized.
Key words:  landscape architecture  urban heat island  urban green space  cooling efficiency  split-window algorithm

京公网安备 11010802028240号

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫