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生态适应中乡村地方性景观的分化重构与 机制分析
汪芳,章佳茵,卞辰龙,王舜奕
0
作者简介:
摘要:
乡村地方性景观在复杂自然环境的影响下呈现着动 态的生态适应与分化重构,揭示其重构机制是乡村多元特色 保护和宜居化发展的基础。以受生态约束的兰考县典型乡村 为例,梳理了生态适应视角下,兰考乡村地方性景观在县域 集中性生态治理与适应、乡村地方性景观分化与重构2个阶 段的行动者网络过程,分析了伴随着的乡村土地利用结构、 建筑分布格局、院落空间形态等景观特征演化;并对乡村地 方性景观分化重构的机制进行了剖析,发现生态约束的程度 变化主导着景观重构的阶段演替,且生态适应路径差异化变 迁推动乡村景观分化为原生型、拼贴型和迁移型等地方性类 型,为乡村的多元定位与转型治理提供理论依据。
关键词:  风景园林  生态适应  地方性  乡村重构  景观演 化  兰考县
DOI:
投稿时间:2022-11-14修订日期:2023-03-03
基金项目:
Differentiation, Reconstruction and Mechanism Analysis of Rural Local Landscape in Ecological Adaptation
WANG Fang,ZHANG Jiayin,BIAN Chenlong,WANG Shunyi
Abstract:
Under the influence of complex natural environment, rural local landscape presents dynamic ecological adaptation, differentiation and reconstruction, and revealing its reconstruction mechanism is the basis of rural multi-characteristic protection and livable development. Taking the typical villages of Lankao County under ecological constraints as an example, this paper reviewed the actor network process of Lankao rural local landscape in two stages of intensive ecological governance and adaptation at the county level and differentiation and reconstruction of rural local landscape from the perspective of ecological adaptation, and analyzed the accompanying evolution of landscape characteristics such as rural land use structure, building distribution pattern and courtyard spatial form. The paper also analyzed the mechanism of rural local landscape differentiation and reconstruction, and found that the change of ecological constraints dominated the stage succession of landscape reconstruction, and the differentiation of ecological adaptation paths promoted the differentiation of rural landscape into local types such as native type, collage type and migration type, which provided the basis for rural multiple positioning and transformation governance
Key words:  landscape architecture  ecological adaptation  locality  rural reconstruction  landscape evolution  Lankao County

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