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中国古典园林植物材料的周期性营造 技艺与维护管理
李宾,蔡哲铭
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作者简介:李 宾 1988年生/男/贵州贵阳人/同济大学建筑与城市规划学院景 观学系助理教授/研究方向为风景园林规划设计及理论(上海 200092)
摘要:
借助现有园林图像和文本,对中国古典园林植物材 料营造技艺与维护管理进行深入讨论,重点关注整体园林营造 与维护过程中多样的时间性和具身性体验。首先,以竹材作为 切入点,在分析竹子自身材料特性的基础上,总结归纳“周期 性”“可生长”竹庐与柏亭的营造和维护,并进一步关注园林 营造中以竹作材的竹篱与竹屏。其次,聚焦“柳枝”这一关 键的园林营造材料,重点探讨了柳的形态、“去稍”修剪管理 及其相关审美,并将柳的种植与管理置于区域性景观生产和 基础设施营造的文脉中进行探讨。以竹材与柳枝作为研究对 象,发掘其材料特质、技艺与自然审美,为中国古典园林研 究提出一个从文人到非文人,从图像到物质,从文本到技艺 的研究新视角。
关键词:  风景园林  园林植物材料  园林研究方法  时间 性  具身性
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.05.0013
投稿时间:2024-01-15修订日期:2024-03-14
基金项目:
Practices, Techniques, and Materials: TheTemporalities in Classical Chinese Gardens
LI Bin,CAI Zheming
Abstract:
This research explores diverse temporal and embodied experiences in premodern Chinese garden-making through the analysis of existing garden images and texts. It focuses on various garden-making practices, techniques, and materials. The paper begins by identifying "periodic" and "evolving" garden structures and their construction and management. The focus then shifts to the tying and weaving techniques of plant materials. Lastly, the study delves into the significant role of willow as a key material in garden-making, with a focus on the management practice of pollarding. Furthermore, this investigation situates the cultivation and management of willow within the broader regional landscapemaking and landscape infrastructure building contexts. Through "periodic" and "evolving" garden-making and landscape-making practices, this paper seeks to offer a novel perspective on the study of classical Chinese gardens.
Key words:  landscape architecture  plant material  landscape research method  temporality  embodiment

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