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中国园林的跨文化传播时空特征及 影响因素
刘露,刘雅靓,徐冉,邱慧*,沈守云
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作者简介:刘 露 2000年生/女/山东菏泽人/中南林业科技大学风景园林学院在 读硕士研究生/研究方向为风景园林历史与理论、传统村落保护 (长沙 410004)
摘要:
中国园林的海外营建不仅是工程项目的建设,更是 中国非物质文化遗产的跨文化传播。系统梳理了改革开放以来 中国园林的海外发展脉络,构建了中国园林的跨文化传播研究 框架,通过时空分析和文化影响力计算等,定量研究并可视化 展示了中国园林跨文化传播的时空范围、方式和效果等。研究 表明:1)依据传播速度和特点,中国园林在海外的跨文化传 播可划分为4个阶段;2)中国园林跨文化传播的源地主要为苏 州、上海和北京;3)中国园林跨文化传播的目的地与影响力具 有高度的空间聚集性,主要集中于美国纽约、华盛顿,德国慕 尼黑,法国巴黎,以及日本札幌、川崎等城市;4)政治、经 济、文化交流和技术规范共同影响着中国园林的跨文化传播效 果。研究结果对于理解中国园林的跨文化传播路径和特点及提 高中国园林的跨文化传播质量具有重要意义
关键词:  风景园林  中国园林  跨文化传播  时空分布  影 响因素
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.05.0070
投稿时间:2023-08-15修订日期:2023-08-15
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(编号32101578)和教育部 人文社会科学研究项目(编号20YJC760077)共同资助
Temporal and Spatial Characteristics and InfluencingFactors of Cross-cultural Communication of ChineseGardens
LIU Lu,LIU Yaliang,XU Ran,QIU Hui,SHEN Shouyun
Abstract:
The overseas construction of Chinese gardens is not only the construction of engineering projects but also the cross-cultural dissemination of China's intangible cultural heritage. This paper systematically sorts out the overseas development of Chinese gardens since the reform and opening up, constructs the research framework of cross-cultural communication of Chinese gardens, and clarifies the temporal and spatial scopes, methods, and effects of cross-cultural communication of Chinese gardens through spatial analysis and cultural influence calculation. The results show that: 1) According to the speed and characteristics of transmission, the cross-cultural communication of Chinese gardens overseas can be divided into four stages; 2) The sources of cross-cultural transmission of Chinese gardens are mainly Suzhou, Shanghai, and Beijing; 3) The influence of cross-cultural communication of Chinese gardens has a high degree of spatial agglomeration, mainly concentrated in New York and Washington in the United States, Munich in Germany, Paris in France, and Sapporo, Kawasaki and other cities in Japan; 4) Politics, economic development, cultural exchanges, and construction technology jointly affect the cross-cultural communication effect of Chinese gardens. The research results are of great significance for understanding the cross-cultural communication paths and characteristics of Chinese gardens and improving the quality of cross-cultural communication in Chinese gardens.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Chinese gardens  cross-cultural communication  temporal and spatial distribution  influencing factor

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