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嘉陵江沿线古城“山-水-城”景观特征研究
杜春兰,陈丹阳
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作者简介:杜春兰 1965年生/女/青海西宁人/博士/重庆大学建筑城规学院院长, 教授,博士生导师/山地城镇建设与新技术教育部重点实验室/研 究方向为风景园林历史与理论、风景园林规划与设计/本刊编委 (重庆 400045)
摘要:
嘉陵江是长江水系中第二大支流,空间上连接南北 丝绸之路,是巴蜀地区重要的文化廊道。在典型山地曲流环境 中,其沿线古城蕴含了丰富的山水营建智慧。从自然环境、文 化环境、行政建制三方面梳理了嘉陵江沿线古城的形成基础, 并以上、中、下游8个古城为例,通过历史文献系统梳理及结合 GIS平台的历史地图空间转译,提炼其“山-水-城”景观特征。 具体为“宏观格局把控”方面“巴蜀要冲,控扼形胜”的城市 选址、“襟江带河,群山四望”的山水格局、“江山聚结,生 气聚集”的风水脉络;“中微观空间结构塑造”方面“迎山接 水,不拘一格”的城市空间结构、“依形江山,因地制宜”的 城市功能营建;以及“沿江山集群,南北人文关联”的“跨尺 度风景审美经营”等在地特征,以期为巴蜀文化遗产保护与传 承、西南山地宜居城乡建设提供参考。
关键词:  风景园林  嘉陵江流域  古城  “山-水-城”  景观特征  巴蜀文化走廊
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.06.0006
投稿时间:2024-02-15修订日期:2024-04-15
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(52238003);重庆市 社会科学(英才)规划类项目(2022YC026)
Research on the "Mountain-Water-City" LandscapeCharacteristics of Ancient Cities along Jialing River
DU Chunlan,CHEN Danyang
Abstract:
Jialing River is the second largest tributary in the Yangtze River system and an important cultural corridor in the Bashu region. Within its typical mountain meandering environment, the ancient cities along its banks contain a wealth of wisdom in landscape construction and urban planning. The formation basis of the ancient cities along Jialing River has been sorted out from three aspects: natural environment, cultural environment, and administrative establishment. Taking eight ancient cities as examples, the study systematically combs through historical documents and, in conjunction with the spatial translation of historical maps on the GIS platform, distills the "mountain-water-city" landscape characteristics, Wich specifically includes site selection, mountain and water pattern, fengshui context, urban spatial structure, urban functional construction, and scenic construction. The research is intended to offer references for the protection of Bashu cultural heritage, and the construction of livable mountainous areas in the southwest.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Jialing River basin  ancient city  "mountain-water-city"  landscape characteristics  Bashu cultural corridor

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