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北京长城文化带线性遗产体系构建与类型 研究
贺鼎,王子瑜,陈文婷
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作者简介:贺 鼎 1987年生/男/山西太谷人/博士/北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学 院副教授,博士生导师/研究方向为数据驱动的城乡遗产保护与 规划设计(北京 100044)
摘要:
在长城国家文化公园及北京长城文化带建设背景下, 对北京长城线性遗产体系开展研究具有重要理论和现实意义。 长城作为一种独特的线性遗产,周围环境险峻,是不可通达 的。而目前关于长城风景道规划是以定性研判为主,亟须探索 数据驱动的计算型方法,以整合长城沿线数量众多、类型多样 的数据资源,形成定量、综合的线性遗产体系构建方法。以北 京长城文化带为研究范围,利用ArcGIS空间分析技术,采取最 小累积阻力模型(MCR)与多中心性评价模型(MCA)构建长城 线性文化遗产体系并进行测度、分级,借助核密度估计法和典 型案例分析来揭示其空间结构与类型特征,从而构建北京长城 文化带线性遗产体系。通过展示基于空间数据挖掘技术的线性 遗产体系构建与分级分类方法,拓展了中国线性遗产体系的概 念外延和研究类型,从而精细刻画线性遗产的空间等级与功能 性质,对风景线路体系规划、旅游服务设施配置、线路主题划 定及展示利用策划具有参考价值。
关键词:  风景园林  线性遗产  北京长城文化带  GIS  最 小累积阻力模型  多中心性评价模型
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.06.0056
投稿时间:2023-04-15修订日期:2023-11-07
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(5 2 1 7 8 0 2 9, 52378002)
Study on the Construction of the Linear HeritageSystem and Typology of Beijing Great Wall CulturalBelt
HE Ding,WANG Ziyu,CHEN Wenting
Abstract:
In the context of the construction of the Great Wall National Cultural Park and Beijing Great Wall Cultural Belt, it is of great theoretical and practical significance to conduct research on the linear heritage system of the Great Wall of Beijing. As a unique linear heritage, the Great Wall is inaccessible due to the surrounding dangerously steep environment. The current planning of the Great Wall Scenic Byway is mainly based on qualitative research and judgment, and there is an urgent need to explore data-driven computational methods to integrate the numerous and diverse data resources along the Great Wall to form a quantitative and comprehensive method of constructing a linear heritage system. Taking the Great Wall Cultural Belt of Beijing as the research scope, the spatial analysis technology of ArcGIS is utilized to construct the linear cultural heritage system of the Great Wall by adopting the Minimum Cumulative Resistance (MCR) and the Multiple Centrality Analysis (MCA) and carry out measurement and grading, and reveal its spatial structure and type characteristics with the help of the kernel density estimation method and the analysis of typical cases, so as to construct the linear heritage system of the Great Wall Cultural Belt of Beijing. By demonstrating the method of constructing and grading linear heritage system based on spatial data mining technology, the conceptual extension and research type of linear heritage system in China are expanded, so that the spatial hierarchy and functional features of linear heritage can be finely delineated, which is of reference value for the planning of scenic routes system, the configuration of tourism service facilities, the delineation of route themes and the planning of display and utilization.
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