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城-景环游:滨江环湖城市中心区的形态优化 研究
史北祥,张芷晗,娄莺,崔澳,陈旭阳
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作者简介:史北祥 1981年生/男/江苏徐州人/博士/东南大学建筑学院副研究员/研 究方向为城市中心区(南京 210096)
摘要:
滨江环湖城市中心区因其自然形态与城市形态相互融 合,具有湖面水体开阔、观景点位自由、界面环形观览、视廊 通透绵长的观赏特点。作为滨水中心区的典型类型,如何依托 其滨江环湖的双重特点进行设计优化是当前研究的重点。聚焦 滨江环湖城市中心区,基于国内外相关研究对其景观要素进行 梳理并总结出4类特征,即前景开阔、动态观览、环形画卷、视 野通透。进而结合其景观特征分别从点景、叠景、透景3个维度 进行标志高层、观赏界面、景观视廊的设计优化。以重庆市万 州中心区作为实证案例,对滨水界面进行设计优化,依托功能 和类型合理布局标志建筑,结合自然要素打造城市超级视廊, 以期为滨江环湖城市中心区形态优化提供设计方法及策略参 考,提升城市空间品质。
关键词:  风景园林  形态优化  视觉景观  滨江环湖中心 区  观景特征
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.06.0049
投稿时间:2023-05-30修订日期:2023-10-24
基金项目:
Urban Landscape Tourism: MorphologicalOptimization Research on the Central Area ofRiverside and Lakeside City
SHI Beixiang,ZHANG Zhihan,LOU Ying,CUI Ao,CHEN Xuyang
Abstract:
The central area of the riverside and lakeside city, characterized by the integration of natural and urban forms, possesses the unique features of expansive water bodies, free vantage points, circular panoramic views, and extensive sightlines. As a typical type of waterfront central area, the focus of current research lies in the design optimization leveraging the dual characteristics of the riverside and lakeside. This paper centers on the central area of the riverside and lakeside city, categorizing its landscape elements into four distinct features: expansive foreground, dynamic viewing, circular panorama, and unobstructed sightlines, based on a review of relevant domestic and international studies. Subsequently, the paper proposes the optimization of landmark high-rises, viewing interfaces, and landscape sightlines from the perspectives of focal views, overlapping views, and transparent views. Using the central area of Wanzhou in Chongqing as a case study, the paper demonstrates the design optimization of the waterfront interface, rational layout of landmark buildings based on function and type, and the creation of a super viewing corridor within the urban landscape, aiming to provide design methods and strategic references for the morphological optimization of the central area of riverside and lakeside cities, and to enhance the quality of urban spatial environments.
Key words:  landscape architecture  morphological optimization  visual landscape riverside  riverside and lakeside central area  viewing feature

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