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基于SNA的城市周边乡村公共空间精准优化 研究——以白鹿原地区车村为例
魏萍,蔺宝钢*,张斌,刘涛
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作者简介:魏 萍 1986年生/女/江苏泰州人/西安建筑科技大学艺术学院讲师/西 安建筑科技大学建筑学院在站博士后/研究方向为乡村风景园林 规划与设计(西安 710055)
摘要:
:针对城市周边乡村公共空间布局形态与村民需求不 匹配的现状,提出“两模型三层级”的乡村公共空间精准优化 方法。以西安周边乡村-车村为研究对象,运用社会网络分析法 (SNA)构建车村公共空间双层网络模型,即:物质网络模型与 村民行为网络模型(两模型)。从“聚落-片区-单点”3个层级 (三层级)设计衡量公共空间网络结构特征的相关指标,并通过 双层网络模型指标的对比分析,精准定位车村公共空间需要优 化提升的要素。最后,基于“社会-空间”互动逻辑,以空间布 局形态与村民需求匹配为导向,从聚落布局优化、片区派系完 善、单点品质提升三方面提出精准优化策略。
关键词:  风景园林  城市周边乡村  公共空间  社会网络 分析(SNA)  精准优化
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.06.0091
投稿时间:2023-02-03修订日期:2023-05-23
基金项目:
Research on the Precise Optimization of PublicSpace of Villages around Cities Based on SNA:Taking Che Village in Bailuyuan Area as an Example
WEI Ping,LIN Baogang,ZHANG Bin,LIU Tao
Abstract:
Aiming at the current situation that the layout form of rural public space around the city doesn't match villagers' needs, a precise optimization method of "Two Models and Three Levels" of rural public space is proposed. Taking Che Village in the suburbs of Xi'an as the research object, a double-layer network model of the public space of Che Village is constructed by using the social network analysis method (SNA), that is, the physical network model and the villagers' behavior network model (Two Models). Relevant indicators measuring the network structure characteristics of public space are designed from the three levels (Three Levels) of "settlement-area-point", and through the comparative analysis of the indicators of the double-layer network model, the elements that need to be optimized and improved in the public space of Che Village are precisely located. Finally, based on the interactive logic of "society-space", guided by the matching of spatial layout patterns and villagers' needs, precise optimization strategies are proposed from three aspects: optimization of settlement layout, improvement of regional factions, improvement of the single point quality.
Key words:  landscape architecture  village around city  public space  social network analysis (SNA)  precise optimization

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