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基于GVT的公园游憩偏好分析及管理 对策——以上海世纪公园为例
龙学文,陈丹,车生泉*
0
()
摘要:
城市综合公园是城市人居生态的重要组成部分。处理 好城市公园与居民的关系,在满足公园服务功能的同时保障公 园自身的良性环境,是当今城市公园建设的重要课题。以上海 世纪公园为研究对象,基于游客轨迹数据和补充问卷调研分析 了游客游憩偏好。结果显示,受景观资源不均衡分布的影响, 游览路径表现出主路聚集、区域分散的现象;停留空间与游客 需求相关,其中老年、中青年和家庭3类典型游客的主要停留 节点分别是休憩服务设施、公园植物景点和游乐活动场所。针 对环湖区域游客集中的问题,从亲水因素的角度开展分析,发 现景观和设施资源分配的不均导致游客对空间亲水性的依赖差 异。结合游客群体的游憩偏好特征,重点针对老年和中青年游 客提出了公园管理和场地更新建议,助力解决临水区域游客压 力过大的问题。
关键词:  风景园林  世纪公园  GPS Visitor Tracking(GVT)  游憩偏好  密度分析  聚类分析  对应性分析
DOI:
基金项目:
Park Recreational Preference Analysis andManagement Countermeasures Based on GVT—ACase Study of Shanghai Century Park
LONG Xuewen,CHEN Dan,CHE Shengquan
()
Abstract:
Urban comprehensive parks are an important part of urban residential ecology. It is necessary to deal with the relationship between urban parks and residents and to ensure the park's own benign environment while providing its service function. Taking Shanghai Century Park as the research object, this paper analyzed tourists' recreational preferences based on the trajectory data of tourist questionnaires. The results show that, influenced by the unbalanced distribution of landscape resources, the tour paths show the phenomenon of main road gathering and regional dispersion. Main stay nodes of the three typical types of tourists including the old, the young and middle-aged, and family are recreational service facilities, botanical attractions and recreational sites respectively. Regarding the concentration of tourists around the lake area, it was found that the uneven distribution of landscape resources leads to the difference of tourists on spatial hydrophilicity. Trying to solve the problem of tourist concentration in the waterfront area, this paper put forward countermeasures of park management and site renewal for the old and the young and middleaged based on their recreational preferences.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Century Park  GPS Visitor Tracking (GVT)  recreational preference  density analysis  cluster analysis  correspondence analysis

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