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乡村收缩背景下乡村景观价值衰减现象 及机制研究——以重庆市大足区玉峰村为例
戴彦,彭莉,刘鹏
0
作者简介:
摘要:
当前快速城镇化伴生的“乡村收缩”现象对乡村 景观产生巨大冲击,威胁其价值维持。立足乡村景观价值衰 减现象和机制的解读,通过质性分析方法对重庆市大足区玉 峰村的半结构访谈数据进行编码和解译,以实证方式论证乡 村景观价值的衰减感知与作用机理。研究发现,乡风民俗淡 化、空间风貌衰败、田园景观破损及生态环境退化在村民关 于景观价值衰减的现象感知中呈现强度递减趋势,而社会结 构退化、文化土壤消解、生产关系弱化和土地利用转化等作 用机制则是由深入浅地诱发乡村景观价值衰减的关键因素。 据此,建议后续应从历史保护、文化再生、产业构建和规划 管控等角度加强乡村景观价值的保护和提升工作。
关键词:  风景园林  乡村景观  乡村收缩  景观价值衰减  质性分析  玉峰村
DOI:
基金项目:
Study on the Phenomenon and Mechanism of Rural Landscape Value Attenuation under the Background of Rural Shrinkage—Taking Yufeng Village of Dazu District in Chongqing as an Example
DAI Yan,PENG Li,LIU Peng
Abstract:
At present, the phenomenon of "rural Shrinkage" accompanied by rapid urbanization has a huge impact on rural landscape, which is a threat to the preservation of its value. Based on the interpretation of the phenomenon and mechanism of rural landscape value attenuation, the semi-structured interview data from Yufeng Village of Dazu District in Chongqing are encoded and interpreted by qualitative analysis, with the aim of demonstrating the perception and mechanism of rural landscape value attenuation by the way of empirical analysis. It is found that the weakening of folk customs, the decay of space, the destruction of pastoral landscape, and the degradation of ecological environment are negatively correlated with the villagers' perception of landscape value attenuation. On the contrary, the mechanisms such as the degradation of social structure, the digestion of cultural soil, the weakening of production relations and the transformation of land use are the critical factors to induce the rural landscape value attenuation. Accordingly, the following proposals on strengthening the conservation and promotion of rural landscape value from the historical conservation, the cultural regeneration, the industrial construction and the planning management are put forward.
Key words:  landscape architecture  rural landscape  rural shrinkage  landscape value attenuation  qualitative analysis  Yufeng Village

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